Publications

Alexander, W.P. 1927. The Allegheny hellbender and its habitat. Buffalo Society of Natural Science. 7: 13-18.

Beffa, D.A. 1976. Responses of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis to different oxygen concentrations, temperature, and photoperiod. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, Southwest Missouri University, Springfield, MO.

Bishop, S.C. 1941. Salamanders of New York. New York State Museum Bulletin 324:1-365.

Blais, D.P. 1996. Movement, home range, and other apsects of the biology of the eastern hellbender (Cryptobranchus a. alleganiensis): A radio telemetric study. M.S. Thesis, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY.

Bothner, R.C., and J.A. Gottlieb. 1991. A study of the New York State populations of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis. Proccedings of the Rochester Academy of Science. 17(1): 41-54.

Brodie, E.D., Jr. 1971. Two more toxic salamanders, Ambystoma maculatum and Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Herpetological Review 3:8.

Bruce, R.C. 1977. Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis Hellbender. Pp. 316-317 In: J.E. Cooper, S.S. Robinson, and J.B. Funderburg (eds.), Endangered and Threatened Plants and Animals of North Carolina, N.C. State Mus. Nat. Hist., Raleigh, N.C.

Canada, B. and A. F. Scott. 2003. Geographic Distribution: Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis. Herpetological Review 34:255-256.

Casey, T., G. Pritts, and B.T. Miller. 1993. Preliminary investigations on the movement of the hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) in middle Tennessee. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science. 68(2): 55.

Coatney, C.E., Jr. 1982. Home range and nocturnal activity of the Ozark hellbender. Unpubl. M.Sc. Thesis. Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield.

Cope, E.D. 1889. The batrachia of North America. U.S. National Museum Bulletin (34):1-525.

Cundall, D., Lorenz-Elwood, J., and Groves, J. D. 1987. Asymmetric suction feeding in primitive salamanders. Experientia 43:1129-1231.

Dodd, C. K., Jr. 1979. Hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis. Pp. 389-391 In: D.W. Linzey (ed.), Endangered and Threatened Plants and Animals of Virginia. Center for Environmental Studies, VPI & State Univ., Blacksburg, VA.

Dundee, H.A. 1971. Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. 101

Dundee, H.A. and D.S. Dundee. 1965. Observations on the systematics and ecology of Cryptobranchus from the Ozark Plateaus of Missouri and Arkansas. Copeia. 1965: 369-370.

Elwood, J. R. L., and Cundall, D. 1994. Morphology and behavior of the feeding apparatus in Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Amphibia: Caudata). J. Morphol. 220: 47-70.

Fauth, J.E., B. Buchanan, S. Wise, S.M. Welter, and M.J. Komoroski. 1996. Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Hellbender). Coloration. Herpetological Review 27:135.

Ferguson, D. 1961. The herpetofauna of Tishomingo County, Mississippi, with comments on its zoogeographic affinities. Copeia 1961(4):391-396.

Firschein, I.L. 1951. The range of Cryptobranchus bishopi and remarks on the distribution of the genus Cryptobranchus. American Midland Naturalist. 45(2): 455-459.

Fitch, F. W. 1974. A record Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Copeia 1974:210.

Gates, J.E. 1983. The distribution and status of the hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) in Maryland: I. The distribution and status of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in Maryland. II. Movement patterns of translocated Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in a Maryland stream. Maryland Wildlife Administration.

Gates, J.E., C.H. Hocutt, J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1984. The status of the Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) in Maryland. Pp. 329-335 In: A.W. Norden, D.C. Forester, and G.H. Fenwick (eds.), Threatened and Endangered Plants and Animals of Maryland. Maryland Natural History Program, Spec. Publ. 84-I, Annapolis, MD.

Gates, J.E., C.H. Hocutt, J.R. Stauffer, Jr., and G.J. Taylor. 1985. The distribution and status of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in Maryland. Herpetol. Rev. 16:17-18.

Green, N.B. 1934. Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in West Virginia. Proc. W. Va. Acad. Sci. 7: 28-30.

Green, N.B. 1935. Further notes on the food habits of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Proc. W. Va. Acad. Sci. 9: 36.

Green, N.B. and T.K. Pauley. 1987. Amphibians and Reptiles in West Virginia. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA. pp. 45-47.

Hall, H.H. and H.M. Smith. 1947. Selected records of reptiles and amphibians from southeastern Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science49(4):447-454.

Harlan, R.A., and R.F. Wilkinson, 1981. The effects of progressive hypoxia and
rocking activity on blood oxygen tension for hellbenders, Cryptobranchus
alleganiensis. Journal of Herpetology 15: 383-387.

Harris, H.S., Jr. 2006. Are there Hellbenders in the Potomac River?-Revisited. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society 42(2):127-128.

Hay, O.P. 1892. The batrachians and reptiles of the state of Indiana. Indiana Department of Geology and Natural Resources Annual Report 17:409-602.

Hillis, R.E., and E.D. Bellis. 1971. Some aspects of the ecology of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus a. alleganiensis, in a Pennsylvania stream. Journal of Herpetology. 5: 121-126.

Holbrook, J. 1842. North American Herpetology. 2nd ed., Vol. 5. Philadelphia. vi. + 118 pp., 38 col. pl.

Humphries, W.J. 1999. Ecology and population demography of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in West Virginia. M.S. Thesis, Marshall University, Huntington, WV.

Humphries, W.J. and T.K. Pauley. 2000. Seasonal changes in nocturnal activity of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in West Virginia. Journal of Herpetology. 34(4):604-607.

Humphries, W.J. and T.K. Pauley. 2005. Life history of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in a West Virginia stream. American Midland Naturalist 154(1):135-142.

Humphries, W.J. 2005. Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Displacement by a flood. Herpetological Reveiw. 36 (4): 428.

Humphries, W.J., M. Solis, C. Cardwell and A. Salveter. 2005. Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Cannibalism. Herpetological Reveiw. 36 (4): 428.

Humphrey, G.M. 1871. The muscles and nerves of the Cryptobranchus japonicus. J. Anat. Physiol. 6:1-61.

Ingersol, C.A. R.F. Wilkinson, C.L. Peterson, and R.H. Ingersol. 1991. Histology of the reproductive organs of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Caudata: Cryptobranchidae) in Missouri. The Southwestern Naturalsit 36(1):60-66.

Ingersol, C.A. 1982. Seasonal reproductive changes in Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. M.S. Thesis, Southwest Missouri State Univ. 71 pp.

Jensen, J.B. 1999. Hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Pp. 98-99 In: Protected Animals of Georgia. Nongame-Endangered Wildlife Program, Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Social Circle, GA.

Johnson, T.R. 1981. Observations on hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis, eggs and early larvae. Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science. 15: 248.

Kern, W.H., Jr. 1986a. The range of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis, in Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science. 95: 520-521.

Kern, W.H., Jr. 1986b. Reproduction of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science. 95: 521.

Kern, W.H., Jr. 1986c. Size class distribution of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Indiana and its implications for their life history. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science. 95: 521.

Krecker, F.H. 1916. Filaria cingula parasitic in the skin of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Parasitol. 2:74-79.

LeClaire, L.V. no date. Status review of Ozark Hellbender (Cryptobranchus bishopi). , U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Jackson, MS.

Makowsky, R. 2004. Natural history and sexual dimorphism of the eastern hellbender, Cryptobranchus a. alleganiensis. M.S. Thesis, Marshall University, Huntington, WV. 69pp.

Meszoely, C. 1966. North American fossil cryptobranchid salamanders. American Midland Naturalist 75:495-515.

McCoy, C.J. 1982. Amphibians and reptiles in Pennsylvania. Special Publications of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History. 6:1-91.

Miller, B. T., and J. L. Miller. 1992. Geographic distribution: Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis (Eastern Hellbender). Herpetological Review 24(4):152.

Miller, B. T., T. Casey and G. Pritts. 1993. Geographic distribution: Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis (Eastern Hellbender). Herpetological Review 23(1):152.

Miller, B. T., and J. L. Miller. 2005. Prevalence of physical abnormalities in eastern hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis) populations of middle Tennessee. Southeastern Naturalist 4(3):513-520.

Mitchell, J.C. and K.K. Reay. 1999. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Virginia. Virginia Dept. Game and Inland Fisheries, Wildl. Diversity Div. Spec. Publ. 1, 122 pp.

Mivart, St.G. 1869. Notes on the myology of Menopoma alleghaniense. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1869:254-271.

Netting, M.G. 1929. The food of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Daudin). Copeia. 170:23-24.

Nigrelli, R.F. 1954. Some longevity records of vertebrates. Transactions of the New York Academy of Science. 16(6):296-299.

Nickerson, M.A., and C.E. Mays. 1973a. The hellbenders: North American “giant salamanders”. Milwaukee Public Museum Publications in Biology and Geology. 1: 1-106.

Nickerson, M.A., and C.E. Mays. 1973b. A study of the Ozark hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi. Ecology. 54: 1164-1165.

Nickerson, M.A., and M.D. Tohulka. 1986. The nests and nest site selection by Ozark hellbenders, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi Grobman. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 89: 66-69.

Nickerson, M.A., K.L. Krysko, and R.D. Owen. 2002. Ecological status of the hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) and the mudpuppy (Necturus maculosus) salamanders in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. J. N. Car. Acad. Sci. 118:27-34.

Nickerson, M.A., K.L. Krysko, and R.D. Owen. 2003. Habitat differences affecting age class distributions of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis . Southeastern Naturalist. 2(4): pp. 619–629.

Nickerson, Max A. and Kenneth L. Krysko. 2003. Surveying for Hellbender salamanders, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Daudin): A review and critique. Applied Herpetology. 1(1): pp. 37-44.

Noeske, T.A., and M.A. Nickerson. 1979. Diel activity rhythms in the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Caudata: Cryptobranchidae). Copeia. 1979(1): 92-95.

Norden, A.W. 2006. Are there Hellbenders in the Potomac River? Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society 42(1): 35-38.

Peterson, C.L. 1985. Comparative demography of four populations of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in the Ozarks. PhD Dissertation. University of Missouri, Columbia. 158 pp.

Peterson, C.L. 1987. Movement and catchability of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Journal of Herpetology. 21(3): 197-204.

Peterson, C.L. 1988. Breeding activities of the hellbender in Missouri. Herpetological Review. 19(2):28-29.

Peterson, C.L. 1989. Seasonal food habits of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Caudata: Cryptobranchidae). Southwestern Naturalist. 34(3): 438-441.

Peterson, C.L., C.A. Ingersol, and R.F. Wilkinson. 1989. Winter breeding of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi in Arkansas. Copeia. 1989: 1031-1035.

Peterson, C.L., D.E. Metter, and B.T. Miller. 1988. Demography of the hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in the Ozarks. American Midland Naturalist. 119(2): 291-303.

Peterson, C.L., M.S. Topping, R.F. Wilkinson, Jr., and C.A. Taber. 1985. An examination of long term growth of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis predicted by linear regression methods. Copeia. 1985: 492-496.

Peterson, C.L., R.F. Wilkinson, Jr., M.S. Topping, and D.E. Metter. 1983. Age and growth of the Ozark Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi). Copeia. 1983: 225-231.

Peterson, C.L., D.E. Metter, B.T. Miller, R.F. Wilkinson, and M.S. Topping. 1988. Demography of the hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in the Ozarks. Am. Midl. Nat. 119: 291-303.

Peterson, C.L., and R.F. Wilkinson. 1996. Home range size of the hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) in Missouri. Herpetological Review. 27(3):126-127.

Petranka, J.W. 1998. Salamanders of United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 587 pp.

Pfingsten, R.A. 1989. The status and distribution of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science. 89(2): 3.

Pfingsten, R.A. 1990. The status and distribution of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in Ohio. Herpetol. Rev. 21(3): 48-51.

Phillips, C.A., and W.J. Humphries. 2005. Cryptobranchus alleganiensis: Hellbender. Pages 648-651 in Michael Lanoo, ed. Amphibian Declines: The conservation status of United States species. University of California Press, 1094 pp.

Pitt, A.L., and M.A. Nickerson. 2005. Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Larval Diet. Herpetological Review 37(1):69.

Prosen, E. 1999. Status of the eastern hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis) in Missouri: a comparison of past and present populations. Unpublished M.S. Thesis. Southwest Missouri State Univ., Springfield, MO.

Reese, A.M. 1903. The habits of the giant salamander. Popular Science Monthly. 62:526-531.

Reese, A.M. 1906. Anatomy of Cryptobranchus allegheniensis. American Naturalist 40:287-326.

Routman, E.J. 1993. Mitochondrial DNA variation in Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, a salamander with extremely low allozyme diversity. Copeia. 1993:375-384.

Smith, B.G. 1907. The life history and habits of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Biological Bulletin. 13: 5-39.

Smith, P.W., and S.A. Minton, Jr. 1957. A distributional summary of the herpetofauna of Indiana and Illinois. The American Midland Naturalist. 58:341-351.

Smith, H.M. and A.J. Kohler. 1977. A survey of the herpetological introductions in the United States and Canada. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 80 (1-2):1-24.

Stein, H.A., and P.W. Smith. 1959. The hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Illinois. Copeia. 1959: 178-179.

Swanson, P.L. 1948. Notes on the amphibians and reptiles of Venango County, Pennsylvannia. The American Midland Naturalist 40:362-371.

Taber, C.A., R.F. Wilkinson, Jr., and M.S. Topping. 1975. Age and growth of hellbenders in the Niangua River, Missouri. Copeia. 1975: 633-639.

Topping, M.S., and C.L. Peterson. 1985. Movement in the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science. 19: 121.

Topping, M.S., and C.A. Ingersol. 1981. Fecundity in the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Copeia. 1981(4): 873-876.

Trauth, S.E., J,D. Wilhide and P. Daniel. 1992a. Status of the Ozark hellbender, Cryptobranchus bishopi (Urodela: Cryptobranchidae), in the Spring River, Fulton County, Arkansas. Proceedings of the Arkansas Academy of Science. 46: 83-86.

Trauth, S.E., J,D. Wilhide and P. Daniel. 1992b. Cryptobranchus bishopi (Ozark Hellbender). Herpetological Review. 23(4): 121.

Trauth, S.E., J,D. Wilhide and P. Daniel. 1993. The Ozark hellbender, Cryptobranchus bishopi, in Arkansas: Distributional survey for 1992. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society. 28(4): 81-85.

Ultsch, G.R. and Duke, J.T. 1990. Gas exchange and habitat selection in the aquatic salamanders Necturus maculosus and Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Oecologia. 83(2):250-258.

Williams, R.D., J.E. Gates, and C.H. Hocutt. 1981. An evaluation of known and potential sampling techniques for hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Journal of Herpetology. 15(1):23-27.

Williams, R.D., J.E. Gates, C.H. Hocutt, and G.J. Taylor. 1981. The hellbender: a nongame species in need of management. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 9(2): 94-100.

Ziehmer, B., and T. Johnson. 1992. Status of the Ozark hellbender in Missouri. Unpublished Report. Natural History Division, Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City. 5 pp. + maps and appendix.